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Retreat from a Rising SeaHard Choices in an Age of Climate Change$
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Orrin H. Pilkey, Linda Pilkey-Jarvis, and Keith C. Pilkey

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780231168441

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231168441.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 13 June 2021

Coastal Calamities

Coastal Calamities

How Geology Affects the Fate of the Shoreline

(p.91) 7 Coastal Calamities
Retreat from a Rising Sea

Orrin H. Pilkey

Linda Pilkey-Jarvis

Keith C. Pilkey

Columbia University Press

Storm surges will be the working force of sea-level rise. As the sea rises, surges extend further inland and to higher elevations. These powerful forces transport debris that crashes into everything else. Atolls are particularly vulnerable, not only because of sea-level rise, but also because sea-level rise is pushing up the groundwater table and reducing its volume. Also pollution of the shrinking freshwater layer by human activities is a major problem. Arctic villages are threatened because of permafrost melting causing shorelines to be more vulnerable to erosion. Barrier islands make up 10 to 12% of the world's shorelines and because of their ability to migrate with the sea-level rise are a major problem for development of any kind.

Keywords:   storm surge, atolls, Arctic shorelines, Inupiat, lowlands, deltas, barrier islands, bay

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