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The Dalai Lama and the Emperor of ChinaA Political History of the Tibetan Institution of Reincarnation$
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Peter Schwieger

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231168526

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231168526.001.0001

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Buddhist Government under the Imperial Umbrella

Buddhist Government under the Imperial Umbrella

(p.146) 5 Buddhist Government under the Imperial Umbrella
The Dalai Lama and the Emperor of China

Peter Schwieger

Columbia University Press

This chapter describes the reorganization of the Tibetan government under imperial rule. In 1750, after forestalling an impending revolt against the emperor by Tibetan ruler Gyurmé Namgyel, the court in Beijing reached three major conclusions. The first was that it was ill-advised to leave political power in the hands of the Tibetan aristocracy alone. The second was that the Dalai Lama should be reinstalled as the lord of Tibet. And the third was that control should be strengthened through the ambans or imperial representatives. The reorganization of the Tibetan government was devised by a commission under the leadership of Cereng, the governor-general of Sichuan Province. Enacted in 1751, the new document regulating the Tibetan government contained thirteen articles. The remainder of the chapter discusses the installation of trülkus as regents; the Qing dynasty's increasing interest in Tibetan Buddhism; and how a military conflict with Tibet's new southern neighbor provided the opportunity to execute a serious blow to the top of the Karma Kagyü hierarchy.

Keywords:   Buddhist government, Tibet, Dalai Lama, political rulers, ambans, Cereng, trülkus, Tibetan Buddhism

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