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Smart MachinesIBM's Watson and the Era of Cognitive Computing$
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Steve Hamm and John Kelly

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231168564

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231168564.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 14 June 2021

A New Era of Computing

A New Era of Computing

(p.1) 1 A New Era of Computing
Smart Machines

John E. Kelly

Steve Hamm

Columbia University Press

This chapter provides an overview of cognitive systems. Scientists and engineers are pushing the boundaries of science and technology fields ranging from nanotechnology to artificial intelligence with the goal of creating machines that do much more than calculate, organize, and find patterns in data—they sense, learn, reason, and interact naturally with people in powerful new ways. This signals a new phase in the evolution of information technology—the era of cognitive computing. In this era, humans and machines will collaborate to produce better results, each bringing their own superior skills to the partnership. The machines will be more rational and analytic, possessing encyclopedic memories and tremendous computational abilities; people will provide expertise, judgment, intuition, empathy, a moral compass, and human creativity. Cognitive systems will learn from their interactions with data and humans in order to program themselves to perform new tasks.

Keywords:   cognitive systems, nanotechnology, artificial intelligence, information technology, cognitive computing

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