This book recounts the historical development and preservation of the concept of race and examines the role of science, specifically genetics and biological courses, in the making of America's twentieth-century racial figures. Ideas about race have gradually evolved into a biological concept that has endured in various incarnations as accepted scientific fact. The book details the process of “racecraft,” a term coined by Karen Fields and Barbara Fields, defined as the “mental terrain” and “pervasive belief” from where racism originates. The race concept left an impact on the practice of science and on the social understandings of human difference from eugenics to genomics. By examining the history of the biological race concept in the twentieth century, historians have witnessed how the biological sciences helped shape perceptions about human difference.
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