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Race UnmaskedBiology and Race in the Twentieth Century$
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Michael Yudell

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231168748

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231168748.001.0001

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Challenges to the Race Concept

Challenges to the Race Concept

(p.167) 9 Challenges to the Race Concept
Race Unmasked

Michael Yudell

J. Craig Venter

Columbia University Press

This chapter focuses on various contradictions in the race concept. Two of these rebuttals have become chief examples of scientific racism, as well as significant in their way of representing the ambiguities of modern biological race concept. First is Carleton Coon's The Origin of Races, a publication that directly challenges Theodosius Dobzhansky's evolutionary synthesis; while the second is Arthur Jensen's assertion that racial differences in intelligence are genetic and hereditary. Despite being the defender of the biological race concept, Dobzhansky was concerned by how the investigation into human diversity was struggling in confusion and misunderstanding as a result of biases prompted by race prejudices and consequent defense reactions. Ultimately, Dobzhansky, with Ernst Mayr and other evolutionary biologists, insisted that race is indeed both a tool for classification and biological phenomenon.

Keywords:   race concept, scientific racism, Carleton Coon, The Origin of Races, Arthur Jensen, Theodosius Dobzhansky, evolutionary synthesis, Ernst Mayr

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