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Race UnmaskedBiology and Race in the Twentieth Century$
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Michael Yudell

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231168748

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231168748.001.0001

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Consolidating the Race Concept in Biology

Consolidating the Race Concept in Biology

(p.139) 8 Consolidating the Race Concept in Biology
Race Unmasked

Michael Yudell

J. Craig Venter

Columbia University Press

This chapter begins by discussing the US Supreme Court's decision in the Brown v. Board of Education case, which was influenced by Gunnar Myrdal's An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy. Its critical assessment of American racial oppression and rejection of the typological view of race proved instrumental in striking down legalized segregation. In relation to the Brown decision, human geneticist Curt Stern published “The Biology of the Negro,” an article in which he claimed that not only would the Negro race be dissolved as the result of being hybridized into the dominant white population, but also race itself would become futile as the white and black races merged. The chapter also presents how the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) campaigned for the application of scientific knowledge in the fight against racial prejudice.

Keywords:   Brown v. Board of Education, An American Dilemma, Gunnar Myrdal, American racial oppression, Curt Stern, The Biology of the Negro, UNESCO

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