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Nietzsche Versus Paul$
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Abed Azzam

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231169318

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231169318.001.0001

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From Judaism to Christianity

From Judaism to Christianity

(p.25) 2. From Judaism to Christianity
Nietzsche Versus Paul

Abed Azzam

Columbia University Press

This chapter explains how Nietzsche’s pre-Christian history includes Judaism as a second path leading to Christianity. His historical conception of Judaism results in Judaism being divided into three phases: Early Judaism, Priestly Judaism, and Diaspora Judaism. The chapter focuses on Nietzsche’s treatment of the first two phases of Judaism. The parallels established between ancient Greek religion and Early Judaism follow the claim that Nietzsche’s conception of Early Judaism is a Dionysian one. Nietzsche characterizes Early Judaism in the same way he characterizes ancient Greek religion: in terms of a religion of thankfulness. Nietzsche conceives of the Antichrist as primary in relation to the Dionysian, in which it becomes clear how his revelation of the Dionysian origin grants the Antichrist the legitimacy it requires. This Nietzschean strategy resembles Paul’s legitimization of the Christian faith through the original faith of Abraham.

Keywords:   Judaism, Christianity, Early Judaism, Priestly Judaism, Diaspora Judaism, ancient Greek religion, Antichrist, Paul, Abraham

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