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Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers$
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Norman Rothschild

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231169387

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 21 June 2021

The Mother of Qi and Wu Zhao

The Mother of Qi and Wu Zhao

Connecting to Antiquity, Elevating Mount Song

Chapter:
(p.79) Four The Mother of Qi and Wu Zhao
Source:
Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers
Author(s):

N. Harry Rothschild

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0004

This chapter examines the role played by the Woman of Tushan in Wu Zhao's political rise. In the second chapter of Sima Qian's Records of the Grand Historian, Qi was the son of Yu the Great, legendary founder of the Xia dynasty and flood-queller who delivered China from eight years of rain, and a woman of the Tushan clan. Associated with Mount Song, the Central Marchmount near to Luoyang, the Woman of Tushan emerged as a significant designation among Wu Zhao's wider pantheon of female deities. This chapter considers how Wu Zhao styled herself as a caring, benevolent matriarch and took women like the mother of Qi, the consummate mother of antiquity, as part of her assemblage of maternal ancestors.

Keywords:   female deities, Woman of Tushan, Wu Zhao, Qi, Yu the Great, Xia dynasty, China, Mount Song, mother, maternal ancestors

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