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Video RevolutionsOn the History of a Medium$
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Michael Z. Newman

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231169516

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231169516.001.0001

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Video as the Moving Image

Video as the Moving Image

(p.73) 4 Video as the Moving Image
Video Revolutions

Michael Z. Newman

Columbia University Press

This chapter describes the third phase of video's evolution. The third phase involves the advent of the digital age, wherein the materiality and specificity of film and video as media significantly lessened. This phenomenon is due to the phasing out of analog devices, such as cathode ray tube television sets and videocassettes, and replacing them with digital video discs (DVDs), digital video recorders (DVRs), video on demand (VOD), video streaming, and video file downloading. The phasing out of analog devices overcame some of their perceived deficiencies, such as being aesthetically degraded and flawed. From a broader perspective, this trend spurred two monumental effects. Firstly, the trend meant more interactivity—that is, empowering individual users as masters, rather than servants of technology. Secondly, it has fostered convergence between manufacturers and consumers of electronics.

Keywords:   video evolution, digital age, cathode ray tube television sets, videocassettes, DVDs, DVRs, VOD, video streaming, video file downloading

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