This chapter examines the idea of the “distant other”, a term which refers to Middle Eastern, Asian, and North African societies that originates from the notion of Orientalism proposed by literary theorist Edward Said. Orientalism refers to a general patronizing Western attitude towards Middle Eastern, Asian and North African nations. According to Said, the “West” views these societies as static and undeveloped, and considers them as “others”. It analyzes the manner in which the “distant other” is represented and made to be “distant”, as well as the way in which the other speaks for him/herself, offering a critique and a parody of Western practices of distancing, othering, and moral indifference. The chapter analyzes three films that come from a range of cinematic cultures: Nicija Zemlja (No Man's Land, 2001) from Bosnia, Tears of the Sun (2003) from America, and Kurtlar Vadisi – Irak (Valley of the Wolves: Iraq, 2006) from Turkey.
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