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Learn or DieUsing Science to Build a Leading-Edge Learning Organization$
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Edward Hess

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231170246

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231170246.001.0001

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Critical Thinking Tools

Critical Thinking Tools

(p.74) 7 Critical Thinking Tools
Learn or Die

Edward D. Hess

Columbia University Press

This chapter focuses on critical thinking tools as part of the right processes, which in turn are a key component of a High-Performance Learning Organization. It considers the impact of our humanness on our critical thinking abilities, along with tools developed and applied in real world situations that mitigate against the usual weaknesses in our thinking. It looks at some “tools” or processes that address four purposes: slowing down our reflexive, habitual way of thinking so we can appropriately think more deliberately and deeply; increasing the probability that we will attend to disconfirming data by priming ourselves to be more open to it; helping us unpack the assumptions underlying our beliefs so we can subject them to rigorous testing; and helping us continuously learn from the results of our decisions and actions. These tools include Dr. Gary Klein's Recognition-Primed Decision model, PreMortem tool, and Klein's “insight” process. Another tool is the U.S. Army's After Action Review.

Keywords:   critical thinking, High-Performance Learning Organization, humanness, Gary Klein, Recognition-Primed Decision model, PreMortem tool, insight process, U.S. Army, After Action Review, learning

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