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A Brief History of EntrepreneurshipThe Pioneers, Profiteers, and Racketeers Who Shaped Our World$
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Joe Carlen

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780231173049

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231173049.001.0001

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The Pirates of Phoenicia

The Pirates of Phoenicia

(p.26) 2 The Pirates of Phoenicia
A Brief History of Entrepreneurship

Joe Carlen

Columbia University Press

Roughly two thousand years later, a tribe of “middlemen and merchants” transformed a small strip of land in modern-day Lebanon into the hub of intercontinental trade. Considered one of the ancient world’s most entrepreneurial and inventive cultures, the merchant-sailors of Phoenicia connected Africa, Europe, and Asia Minor into a network of trade so vast and profitable that their success was marveled at by Ezekiel and other authors of the Old Testament. The chapter also highlights more recent discoveries pertaining to this vanished civilization of seaborne merchants, such as its conversion of a sparsely populated Sicilian island into the site of a thriving wine-making and trading industry.

Keywords:   Phoenicia, Ancient Phoenicia, Trade, Innovation, Maritime Entrepreneurship, Manufacturing

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