This chapter turns to an inferior variety of foreigner: European imperial subjects grudgingly accorded “second class foreigner” standing in Alexandria. These Algerians, Tunisians, and Maltese were Arabic speakers who often had more in common with local society than they did with their imperial co-citizens. “European” foreigners struggled to control these imperial subjects, who were able to claim much stronger rights in Alexandria than they could in home colony or metropole. Their treatment illustrates the complex nature of nationality, as a bringer and a denier of rights.
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