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Identifying with NationalityEuropeans, Ottomans, and Egyptians in Alexandria$
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Will Hanley

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780231177627

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231177627.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Bad Subjects

Bad Subjects

Chapter:
(p.217) 10 Bad Subjects
Source:
Identifying with Nationality
Author(s):

Will Hanley

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231177627.003.0011

“Bad subject” is a pooled, transnational category used to describe recidivists, forgers, vagrants, indigents, and mendicants. Authorities applied a common set of sanctions to bad subjects: deportation, banishment, and removal of protection. “Bad subjecthood” was nationality’s double: a status category that turned subjective description into an official determinant of life chances, a legal fiction that became an article of official consensus. By the First World War, explicit reference to bad subjects had largely disappeared, as its social control functions were absorbed into nationality.

Keywords:   vagrants, recidivists, undesirables, exile, banishment, denaturalization

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