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Identifying with NationalityEuropeans, Ottomans, and Egyptians in Alexandria$
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Will Hanley

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780231177627

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231177627.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Locals

Locals

Chapter:
(p.256) 12 Locals
Source:
Identifying with Nationality
Author(s):

Will Hanley

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231177627.003.0013

The public sphere of the bourgeois effendiya, reflected in the sources that dominate the historiography Egypt before World War One, engaged only a narrow set of ideas about political membership. But police and legal records show that many residents of Egypt relied on a more generic and flexible label—“local”—which they refined in contradistinction to foreign nationalities. The term had a clear social meaning, particularly in imperial context, where it was a polite synonym of “native.” Localness began to gather a legal garb, particularly in the sphere of social rights such as education and government employment, until it began to resemble a nationality. This chapter argues that one key to explaining Egypt’s political quiescence between 1882 and 1919 is recognizing identity formation taking place under the banner of “local” status, rather than the more familiar category of Egyptian national citizen, which emerged only in the decades that followed.

Keywords:   native, indigenous, rights, status, empire, categories

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