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Chinese History and CultureSeventeenth Century Through Twentieth Century$
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Ying-shih Yü

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780231178600

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231178600.001.0001

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Zhang Xuecheng Versus Dai Zhen

Zhang Xuecheng Versus Dai Zhen

A Study in Intellectual Challenge and Response in Eighteenth-Century China

(p.85) 4. Zhang Xuecheng Versus Dai Zhen
Chinese History and Culture

Ying-shih Yü

, Josephine Chiu-Duke, Michael S. Duke
Columbia University Press

This examination of the intellectual relationship between Dai Zhen and Zhang Xuecheng (1738-1801) throws light on the inner complexities as well as tensions in the academic community of eighteenth-century China. It shows that Dai’s influence on Zhang was much more profound and enduring than previously believed, that Zhang knew that Dai’s philology was seeking to understand the Confucian Dao, and that a true philosophical vision worthy of pursuit could only be built on solid philological grounds. The article also traces the origin of Zhang Xuecheng’s dictum that “the Six Classics are all history.’”

Keywords:   Dai Zhen, Zhang Xuecheng, kaozheng, philology, yili, philosophy, dao wenxue, zun dexing, wenshi, jingxue

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