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Chinese History and CultureSeventeenth Century Through Twentieth Century$
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Ying-shih Yü

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780231178600

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231178600.001.0001

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Modernization Versus Fetishism of Revolution in Twentieth-Century China

Modernization Versus Fetishism of Revolution in Twentieth-Century China

(p.219) 10. Modernization Versus Fetishism of Revolution in Twentieth-Century China
Chinese History and Culture

Ying-shih Yü

, Josephine Chiu-Duke, Michael S. Duke
Columbia University Press

This study discusses the predicament of China’s modernization by relating it to changing conceptions of revolution. It argues that the so-called “modernizing process” was a process set in motion by the unique aggressiveness inherent in Western modernity. It outlines the “predicament of modernization” in China—Japan’s success and China's failure, contrasted with Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore—and refers it to what the author calls the “fetishism of revolution” (with Mao Zedong as the prime example). The tension between revolution and modernization in China is seen to have led to a radical disjunction.

Keywords:   Modernization, Geming, kakumei, May Fourth, Scientism, Chinese Communist Party, Nationalist Party

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