Chapter 1 examines the period from the mid-1960s to 1980. During this period, scientific advances made in human in vitro fertilization and embryo culture led to the birth of Louise Brown, the first child conceived through IVF, in 1978. The chapter examines the deliberations of two federal bioethics bodies: the National Commission for the protection of Human Subjects of Behavioral and Biomedical research, and the Ethics Advisory Board of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
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