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Faithful to SecularismThe Religious Politics of Democracy in Ireland, Senegal, and the Philippines$
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David T. Buckley

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780231180061

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231180061.001.0001

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Secular Emergence in the Philippines

Secular Emergence in the Philippines

Beyond the Malolos Stalemate

(p.133) 6. Secular Emergence in the Philippines
Faithful to Secularism

David T. Buckley

Columbia University Press

How did the Philippines arrive at the twin tolerations after independence from United States colonial rule? This chapter documents religion-state debates in the Philippines independence-era founding documents, in particular the Malolos Constitution and 1935 Commonwealth Constitution, and traces benevolent secularism’s impact on the Philippines’ Catholic majority, Protestant and Muslim minorities, and secular nationalist elites. Evidence draws on communication between political and religious elites from the closing years of Spanish colonial rule through American colonialism, with special attention to communication around the 1934 Constitutional Convention. The chapter closes with an examination of tensions in the Philippines’ benevolent secularism manifested in the controversy over religious instruction in public schools.

Keywords:   Philippines, American colonialism, Malolos Congress, Commonwealth Constitution, Catholicism, Religious Education

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